VASP is short for Viação Aérea São Paulo SA and this company was founded on 04Nov33 by the regional government of Sao Paulo and the municipal bank. Operations began on 16Apr34.
In 1935 2 Juncker Ju-52/3s were acquired and scheduled service commenced between Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. Many routes followed when the Brazilian-German Aerolloyd Iguaco took over in 1939.
Starting in 1950, VASP used Saab Scanias and later they prchased all the aircraft ever built of this type and used them until 1966.
Vickers Viscounts were introduced in 1958. Loide Aero Nacional and Navegaceo Aerea Brasileiro went up into VASP in 1962. Jets, the BAC 1-11, were introduced in late 1967 and 8 NAMC YS-11s replaced the Vickers Viscounts and Douglas DC-4s in 1968.
During the late-1990s VASP took shareholdings in Ecuatoriana and Lloyd Boliviano, but in early 2000 VASP started struggling financially; some aircraft were returned to their lessors and all services to Europe were stopped.
VASPEX became the new brandname for the Cargo division. By this time (2004) the fleet consisted of 21 Boeing 737-200s, 4 737-300s, 3 727-200s and 3 Airbus A300B2-203s.
The fleet in 1984/1985 had consisted of 21 Boeing 737-200s, 6 727-200s and 3 Airbus A300B2-203s.
VASP faced bankruptcy in 2004 as it became clear that salaries had not been paid since August, the pilots went on strike on 1Sep04; 6 Boeing 737-200s were phased out in Sep04.
Final curtains came on 26Jan05 when VASP ceased operations and saw its AOC withdrawn by the Brazilian Civil Aviation Authorities.
JP Airline Fleets, 1985 and 2004 editions.
VASP history on airlines.afriqonline.com