ENGLAND 2019

PAGE ONE | PAGE TWO: SCOTLAND

Photos © Ruud Leeuw

Another vacation in England, again we focussed mainly on general history, castles & pubs plus a few aviation items. And again, because it was fun last year, I had added some birding opportunities as well.
Our plan was basically to start from Harwich, visit the 'D-Day 75' aviation event at Duxford IWM (plus a few days exploring East Anglia) and then head for Aberdeen, to explore the castles in that area.
Read on!

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Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
We had a comfortable crossing from Hoek van Holland to Harwich. Looking forward to a trip with a multitude of
photo opportunities I had packed my camera bag with 3 cameras I had bought this year: The Sony RX10M4 had
replaced my Mark III and would be used for most of the photography. The Canon EOS 77D would be the tool for
aviation- and birds photography, mounted with the Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 zoomlens plus a Samyang fisheye
lens for the are occasion inside (e.g.) a cathedral. I also carried a Canon SX70 as a backup but rarely used it.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Our trip had 2 main targets: 'D-Day 75', the 75th anniversary commemorating the WW2 invasion of Normandy and
castles in Aberdeenshire. I spent 2 days at Duxford's Imperial War Museum where over 20 DC-3's had assembled
from the US and the European continent and watched them leave for Normandy on June 5th. See my full report.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Plenty of men with cameras! When I first arrived on June 2nd not all DC-3's were present, visiting an air show
nearby. But it was fun to watch them return later that afternoon. A unique event which may never see a repetition.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Newmarket and the Rutland Arms Hotel is a good central base to explore East Anglia, though Newmarket itself
is a bleak and disappointing town. Strange, in the light of the promise of riches related to horse breeding here.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Newmarket's landmark in High Steet.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
King Charles II (1630-1685) on the exterior of 2 neighbouring houses in Palace Street.
Note: "and not let poor Nelly starve"

Protestant conspirators formulated the 'Rye House Plot', a plan to murder King Charles II and the Duke of York as they returned to London after horse races in Newmarket. A great fire, however, destroyed Charles's lodgings at Newmarket, which forced him to leave the races early, thus inadvertently avoiding the planned attack.
Eleanor 'Nell' Gwyn (b.02Feb1650 – d.14Nov1687; also spelled Gwynn, Gwynne) was a prolific celebrity figure of the Restoration period. Praised by Samuel Pepys for her comic performances as one of the first actresses on the English stage, she became best known for being a long-time mistress of King Charles II of England and Scotland.
en.wikipedia.org:_Nell_Gwyn
Charles had many mistresses in both France and England.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

By the end of 12th century Newmarket began its life as a market town after a 'shrewd Lord of the Manor' saw the area was ideally placed on the main road from London to Norwich being more or less equally distant from Cambridge, Ely, Bury St Edmunds and Mildenhall.
Around 1280 'The Lords of the Manor' on the Exning side, the Argenteins, built their chapel of ease, on the St. Mary’s site. The monks of Thetford were the parish priests of St. Mary’s.
'Somewhat' later 'The Lords of the Manor of Ditton Valens' built a similar chapel of ease, on the All Saints site.
Early 14th century Maria de Sancto Paulo, Countess of Pembroke, obtained a papal license for one of the monks of Thetford to say mass at her chapel of ease on the site of All Saints, then called St. Simon and St. Jude.
Start of 16th century St. Mary’s became a parish church in its own right.
1612 All Saints site was described as a 'hamlet of Woodditton'.
1746 Cole, a great Cambridge topographer, wrote "It (All Saints) is only a Chapel of Ease to the Vicarage of Woodditton, which is the Mother Church".
1801 Comparative population of the two wards, St Mary’s 1300, All Saints under 500.
1830 According to a commercial directory: "Service is performed at one church in the morning and at the other in the afternoon".
1868 Legally recognised as a parish when the Reverend Romaine Govette became the first Vicar.
www.allsaintsnewmarket.org/history

 

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
One of the places we visited is the Norfolk and Suffolk Aviation Museum. One can easily spend 2-3 hours here,
packed with aeroplanes and memorabilia. See my FULL REPORT.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

 

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
A church in Prickwillow, on the B1382 just before the bridge crossing the River Lark, is offered for sale.
Sign of the times, I guess.

RSPB MINSMERE


Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
RSPB Minsmere. Even while I am not good at spotting birds, those nature trails always make for a good walk.
It took a number of photos to capture a Sand Martin (Riparia riparia) or European Sand Martin (NL: Oeverzwaluw),
they're incredibly fast! They nest in that sandy wall in the background. Those Sand Martins fly more than 4.000 kms
every spring to reach them, arriving at Minsmere in late March. The holes are entrances to nesting tunnels up to
a meter long, dug with their tiny feet...

This location of the Royal Society of Preservation of Birds has a nice lunchroom and shop. We opted for the wetland
walk as the woodland walk would probably make it too difficult for me to spot the birds.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Identified as a little egret (Egretta garzetta; note the black beak) making its way through the highgrass and wetland here.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Top left: Pied avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta; NL: Kluut) --- Top right: Common Shelduck (Tadorna tadorna; NL: Bergeend)
Bottom black-headed gulls (Chroicocephalus ridibundus; NL: Kokmeeuw)

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
www.rspb.org.uk/reserves-and-events/reserves-a-z/minsmere/

 

ABBEY GARDENS in BURY ST. EDMUNDS
Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Bury St. Edmunds, commonly referred to locally as Bury, is a historic market town and civil parish in Suffolk.
Bury St. Edmunds Abbey is near the town centre.
The name Bury is etymologically connected with 'borough', which has cognates in other Germanic languages such as the German burg meaning 'fortress, castle'; Old Norse borg meaning 'wall, castle'; and Gothic baurgs meaning 'city'. They all derive from Proto-Germanic *burgs meaning 'fortress'.
In the centre of Bury St Edmunds lie the remains of an abbey, surrounded by the Abbey Gardens.
en.wikipedia.org:_Bury_St_Edmunds

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw


The abbey is a shrine to Saint Edmund, the Saxon King of the East Angles. The abbey was sacked by the townspeople
in the 14th century and then largely destroyed during the 16th century with the Dissolution of the Monasteries,
but the town remained prosperous throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, only falling into relative decline with the Industrial Revolution.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
It had started to rain, a virtual downpour. We went for a cream tea right across this gate and pleasantly sipped
on a 2nd coffee but the rain wouldn’t stop. We had hoped to explore the area some more but the rain did
not stop and we decided to cut our sightseeing short. Always leave something to return to!


Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
One of our finest B&B's this trip: The Cambridge Guest House. We stayed in 10 different accommodations
during this 16-day trip. This B&B had only one shortcoming, one quite common with 'Boutique B&B's, and that
is that the curtains are too flimsy; during the summer sunlight will wake me as early as 5 a.m.: bummer!
Warning: we had dinner at the Milton Arms next door and while the food was fine and affordable, everything
felt sticky: the table, the menus, the bar, everything! Yuck!

 

ST. IVES


Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
St. Ives is a market town and civil parish in Cambridgeshire, 19 kms north-west of Cambridge.
Looking out on the river Great Ouse from the bridge on London Road. Those woodlands is Holt Island Nature Reserve.
Note also that typical church spire of All Saints Church, common in the area and further up the road suddenly
the spires are all different!

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
A quintessential British small town, worth visiting!

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Fun fact: as an important market town, St Ives always needed large numbers of public houses, many of which were bawdy houses: 64 in 1838 (1 for every 55 inhabitants), 60 in 1861, 48 in 1865 and 45 in 1899, although only five of these made the owners a living. As livestock sales diminished, however, so did the need for large numbers of pubs, falling to a low point of 16 in 1962.
[ ¬en.wikipedia.org:_St_Ives,_Cambridgeshire]

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
The Statue of Oliver Cromwell on Market Hill in the town centre.
'A townsman of St.Ives 1631-1636'.
The statue was designed by F. W. Pomeroy and erected in 1901. The statue is one of five
public statues of Cromwell in the United Kingdom.
en.wikipedia.org:_Statue_of_Oliver_Cromwell,_St_Ives

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Landmarks still: the red pillar box of the Postal Services and the red telephone box.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Swans, swans, swans...

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Before the bridge was built, there was a ford across the river here, probably going back thousands of years. The channel is wide and shallow with a firm gravel bottom making it quite easy to wade across. The water was shallower before locks were built to make the river deep enough for boats.
The first bridge was built about 111 A.D. Old records mention it being repaired with timber, so we know that it must have been built of wood. The present stone bridge was built in the 1420s.

The bridge chapel, which was put on the bridge to take tolls from travelers was also used for church services and is almost unique. Many bridge chapels were built in the Middle Ages, but only a handful have survived and the St.Ives chapel can claim to be the most attractive of them.

Another odd feature of the bridge is the different shapes of the arches. The two arches closest of the far bank of the river have round tops. That is because they are later rebuildings, unlike the original pointed-topped arches in the rest of the bridge.
The two furthest arches were pulled down by Oliver Cromwell and the Roundheads in 1645 during the Civil war and replaced by a drawbridge in case the Royalists attacked. They were rebuilt, but to a different design from the rest of the bridge, in 1716.
The extra storeys above the chapel were added in 1736 and removed in 1930.

Built for horses and carts nearly 600 years ago, St.Ives Bridge took the weight of lorries and double-decker buses until the new bypass was opened in 1980.


Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw


Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Struggling with modernity and a relic of days gone by.

 


Shortly before driving into Barnard Castle we saw Egglestone Abbey across the river Tees.
Last year we visited this impressive ruin, see my ENGLAND 2018 report

BARNARD CASTLE


Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
We took fine & affordable accommodation in the Old Well Inn. Barnard Castle is a nice town to stop and visit.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
'Public Toilets: Ladies'. Rather a unique feature I would think..?

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Ten B&B places on a 16-day trip. The accommodations varied greatly, the one in the Old Well Inn was one of very
few which had beds accommodating my length; most beds in England pose difficulties for Dutch males. And most
rooms are (much) smaller. Here they also offered a good breakfast, in which I mean they have sufficient
alternatives to that ghastly 'Full English Breakfast'!

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
No escaping: aviation history follows me everywhere..


The castle in ...
Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
After breakfast and checking out we went to the castle, we had to wait a few minutes until it openend at 10:00.
Of particular interest are the ruins of the 12th-century cylindrical tower.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

A stone castle was built on the site of an earlier defended position from around 1095 to 1125 by Guy de Balliol. Between 1125 and 1185 his nephew Bernard de Balliol and his son Bernard II extended the building.
In 1216 the castle was besieged by Alexander II, King of Scotland.
It was still held by the Balliol family although its ownership was disputed by the Bishops of Durham. When John Balliol was deposed as King of Scotland in 1296 the castle was passed to the Bishop of Durham.
Around 1300 Edward I granted it to the Earl of Warwick.
In the 15th century the castle passed by marriage to the Neville family. In 1477 during the Wars of the Roses, Richard, Duke of Gloucester (later Richard III) took possession of the castle, which became one of his favourite residences.
Over the next two centuries the Nevilles enlarged and improved the estate and created a substantial and impressive castle.
In 1626 the Crown sold the castle and also the Neville property at Raby Castle to Sir Henry Vane.
Vane decided to make Raby his principal residence and Barnard Castle was abandoned and its contents and much of its masonry was removed for the maintenance and improvement of Raby. [my RABY CASTLE 2016 report]
en.wikipedia.org:_Barnard_Castle_(castle)

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

 


 

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
EASBY ABBEY

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Easby Abbey, or the Abbey of St Agatha, is a ruined Premonstratensian abbey on the eastern bank of the
River Swale on the outskirts of Richmond in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire.

First a visit to the little church, the one with a roof on it!
Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
A caretaker helped us in for the ancient door needed a special flick of the wrist to open. He helped us out too!

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Then we found the right entrance to the abbey:
Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

The Abbey of St Agatha, Easby, was founded in 1152 by Roald, Constable of Richmond Castle. The inhabitants were canons rather than monks. The Premonstratensians wore a white habit and became known as the White Canons..
Easby was a daughter house of the Abbey of St. Mary and St. Martial at Newsham; it was the 3rd Premon-stratensian house funded in England.

The White Canons followed a code of austerity similar to that of Cistercian monks. Unlike monks of other orders, they were exempt from episcopal discipline. They undertook preaching and pastoral work in the region (such as distributing meat and drink). The canons also raised sheep.


Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
One can still see the three floors (ground, first and second) outlines on the walls.
I also visited this site in 1991! See my report

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
In the late 1530s Henry VIII dissolved the monasteries. The abbey was abandoned and left to fall into ruins,
though some of the best features were salvaged: the fine canopied choir stalls are now found in Richmond parish church.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
From a display at the abbey

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
The exit

 

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
The Standard pub was deserving of a detour for this pub has a military plane in its yard!
A more detailed report can be found on my aviation page dedicated to this trip UK2019.

ALNWICK CASTLE

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Alnwick Castle, popular known as 'Harry Potter's Castle' for the filming that has been done here.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Alnwick (pronounce 'annik') Castle is a castle and country house in Alnwick in the English county of Northumberland.
It is the seat of the 12th Duke of Northumberland, built following the Norman conquest (!) and renovated and remodelled a number of times.
As of 2012 it received over 800.000 visitors per year when combined with adjacent attraction 'The Alnwick Garden'. We did not get to the gardens for the (threat of) heavy rains that day.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Alas, I don't have pleasant memories to this visit here.. Photography was not allowed inside and that always pisses
me off in a grand way! Normally I make it a sport to make photos anyway, but it did not inspire me to do so.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Alnwick Castle seems to rely on 'added features' such as these two 'quick marching' in the grounds. Disney.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
The gun demonstration was fun!

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Alnwick Castle guards a road crossing the River Aln.
The castle was first mentioned in 1136 when it was captured by King David I of Scotland.
At this point it was described as "very strong". It was besieged in 1172 and again in 1174 by William the Lion, King of Scotland and William was captured outside the walls during the Battle of Alnwick.
Eustace de Vesci, lord of Alnwick, was accused of plotting with Robert Fitzwalter against King John in 1212. In response, John ordered the demolition of Alnwick Castle and Baynard's Castle (the latter was Fitzwalter's stronghold), but his instructions were not carried out at Alnwick.
en.wikipedia.org:_Alnwick_Castle

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
The castle is in good repair and used for many purposes. It provides a home for the present Duke and family and
offices for Northumberland Estates, which manages the Duke's extensive farming and property holdings.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Alnwick's battlements are surmounted by carved figures. Some of these date from around 1300; historian Matthew
Johnson notes that around this time there were several castles in northern England similarly decorated, such as Bothal, Lumley and Raby. However, many of the surviving figures are from the mid-18th century, commissioned by the 1st
Duke and Duchess from Stamfordham sculptor James Johnson.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Pity we did not explore the gardens but Alnwick also has Barter Books which we now have visited twice and
when we'll visit for the 3rd time we intend to visit these gardens! The area has an abundance of rhododendrons,
wonderful to see them in full bloom.

 

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
We had a fine 2-nights stay at Thropton Demesne ('domain') Farmhouse B&B on the edge of town.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
The local pub provided excellent meals and drinks. I think we could well return for another stay here.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Northumberland in all its glory

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Edlingham Castle on the scenic B6341 road to Alnwick.

The foundations and part of the walls of the hall house, gatehouse, barbican and other courtyard buildings are still visible, most dating from the 16th century.
The castle – more properly a fortified manor house typical of many medieval houses in the North of England – guards one of the few approaches to Alnwick through the hills to its west. Its fortifications were increased in response to the border warfare which raged between England and Scotland in the period from about 1300 to 1600.
en.wikipedia.org:_Edlingham_Castle

 

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Seahouses, the place to be for boattrips to Farne Islands. However, having arrived at around 10:30, without prior reservations to get on a boattrip and set foot on the island we would have to wait until 15:00 to get a seat... It took
a wait of less than 1hr30 to do a trip around the island. That served my planning much better. Tickets 15 pounds p.p.
We'll be back for more.

FARNE ISLANDS

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
I had underestimated the popularity of these islands.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Birds, birds, birds...

The Farne Islands are a group of islands off the coast of Northumberland. There are between 15 and 20 islands depending on the state of the tide.
The main islands in the Inner Group are Inner Farne, Knoxes Reef and the East and West Wideopens (all joined together on very low tides).
The islands are first recorded in 651, when they became home to Saint Aidan, followed by Saint Cuthbert. The islands were used by hermits intermittently from the seventh century. The last hermit was Thomas De Melsonby, who died on the islands in 1246.
A formal monastic cell of Benedictine monks was established on the islands circa 1255.
Following the dissolution of the monastic cell on the islands, the islands became the property of the Dean and Chapter of Durham Cathedral, who leased them to various tenants. The islands remained a detached part of County Durham until 1844.

Remains still exist of the seventh-century anchorite cell used by Saint Aiden and Saint Cuthbert, as do the remains of a 14th-century chapel associated with the cell.
In the warmer months the Farnes, an important wildlife habitat, are much-visited by boat trips from Seahouses.
At the right time of year, many puffins can be seen and these are very popular with visitors.

en.wikipedia.org:_Farne_Islands

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Crowded house!


Common murres breed in colonies at high densities. Nesting pairs may be in bodily contact with their neighbours.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Common Murre (Uria aalge; NL: Zeekoet)
Common murres have fast direct flight but are not very agile. They are more manoeuvrable underwater, typically diving
to depths of 30–60m. Depths of up to 180m have been recorded!

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Cormorants have nested on the Farne Islands for centuries although unlike their smaller cousins; the Shags, Cormorants are very wary birds and nest well away from people.
The Farnes support three small colonies as birds next on the East Wideopens, North Wamses and Big Harcar.
As with all the breeding seabirds this year, the season started late as low temperatures and heavy seas resulted in the first nesting attempts in mid-April.
farnephoto.blogspot.com

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
These islands are popular known as 'Puffin Island', even though they are a minority. But funny and glamorous..

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Puffins (NL: Papegaaiduikers) are any of three small species of alcids (auks) in the bird genus Fratercula with a brightly coloured beak during the breeding season. These are pelagic seabirds that feed primarily by diving in the water.
They breed in large colonies on coastal cliffs or offshore islands, nesting in crevices among rocks or in burrows in the soil. Two species, the tufted puffin and horned puffin, are found in the North Pacific Ocean, while the Atlantic puffin (Fratercula arctica) is found in the North Atlantic Ocean.

The male Atlantic puffin builds the nest and exhibits strong nest-site fidelity. In fact male and female don’t stay together but meet up again at 'their' nest when mating season is on.
Iceland is the home to most of the Atlantic puffins with about 10 million individuals.
The largest single puffin colony in the world is in the Westmann Isles of Iceland. Must go there one day..
A significant decline in numbers of puffins on Shetland is worrying scientists.
en.wikipedia.org:_Puffin

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Preparing for take off..
Their short wings are adapted for swimming with a flying technique under water. In the air, they beat their wings rapidly
(up to 400 times per minute) in swift flight, often flying low over the ocean's surface. Not easy to capture on camera.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
The islands also hold a notable colony of about 6.000 grey seals, with several hundred pups born every year
in September-November.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
www.nationaltrust.org.uk/farne-islands/features/lighthouses-on-the-farne-islands

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

The Farne Islands are associated with the story of Grace Darling and the wreck of the Forfarshire. Grace Darling was the daughter of Longstone lighthouse-keeper (one of the islands' lighthouses), William Darling, and on 07Sep1838, at the age of 22 years, she and her father rescued 9 people from the wreck of the 'Forfarshire' in a strong gale and thick fog, the vessel having run aground on Harcar Rock. 
Grace and her father were awarded the Silver Medal for bravery.
The Forfarshire had been carrying 62 people; the paddlesteamer broke in two almost immediately upon hitting the rocks.
Grace Darling died of tuberculosis in October 1842, aged 26.
en.wikipedia.org:_Grace_Darling

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
The rabbit and puffin populations use the same burrows at different times, the puffins being strong enough (with a
vicious bite) to evict the rabbits from the burrows during the nesting season. One day I'll stand there too...

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
The splendid view on Farne Island from Bamburgh Castle

 

BAMBURGH CASTLE

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
And Bamburgh Castle seen from the boat returning to Seahouses. With a bit of luck we can visit before they close..

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Bamburgh Castle is a castle on the northeast coast of England, by the village of Bamburgh in Northumberland.
The site was originally the location of a Celtic Brittonic fort known as Din Guarie and may have been the capital of the kingdom of Bernicia from its foundation in c. 420 to 547. After passing between the Britons and the Anglo-Saxons three times, the fort came under Anglo-Saxon control in 590.

The fort was destroyed by Vikings in 993 and the Normans later built a new castle on the site, which forms the core of the present one.
In the 17th century, financial difficulties led to the castle deteriorating, but it was restored by various owners during the 18th and 19th centuries.
It was finally bought by the Victorian era industrialist William Armstrong, who completed its restoration. The castle still belongs to the Armstrong family.
en.wikipedia.org:_Bamburgh_Castle

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
I would find this visit to Bamburgh Castle much nicer (no objection to photography except flash photography) and
of more interest. So forget about Alnwick Castle and make your way up here!

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
I was asked to put my camerabag in a locker before starting my visit of Bamburgh castle and so I did. Pity I left
my fisheye lens in my bag, as this would have been a good opportunity to get it all in. Also, when we ended our visit
it was closing time and could barely reclaim my backpack at the entrance (different from the exit). But a fine visit!

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Billiards, books and a nice fireplace!

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
I love armoury displays in castles and museums!

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Note the fine work on this armour, no doubt of a wealthy knight or nobleman.

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
I don't recall aviation artifacts on display and only at home I learned of an aviation connection:
The castle's laundry (!) rooms feature the Armstrong and Aviation Artefacts Museum, with exhibits about Victorian industrialist
William Armstrong and Armstrong Whitworth, the manufacturing company he founded. Displays include engines, artillery
and weaponry, and aviation artefacts from two world wars. Well, well..

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Cragside Estate was very near our B&B but could not be included in my itinerary this time. Came recommended: next time!

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
The less fortunate...

Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
Nice view on the surrounding countryside inland from the castle walls.


Travels in England, 2019 - photography by Ruud Leeuw
This was a day that went all wrong.. First we found Etal Castle closed. Then my TomTon satnav directed us to
the Duddo Standing Stones but the place was all wrong; we tried Google Maps on my android phone but it lost
the track too and by that time I was so frustrated I left England behind me and headed for Dunfermline.

So the roads continues in Scotland! Read on!

 

 

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