Hermeskeil Air Museum, Germany

Photos © Ruud Leeuw

We had found our way to this Air Museum near Trier, Germany on a beautiful day (31Jul05) and found it much bigger than we had expected.

The museum is also known as Flugausstellung Leo Junior.
This air museum near Hermeskeil im Hunsrück is the largest private aviation museum in Europe. It was founded by Leo Junior in 1973 and has now amassed 100+ planes and helicopters (with many still airworthy!) as well as over 60 aircraft engines and propellors.


What better way to start a museum than a visit to a Lockheed Constellation: "The Queen of the Skies"!

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D-ALIN is a Lockheed L.1049G (c/n 4604) and delivered to Lufthansa in March 1955. Lufthansa retired it on 10Jul67.
It was saved from a starving career by 3rd level operators and worse, instead it was donated to Flughafen Hamburg GmbH on 07Sep67, where it remained displayed until May 1980. At that time it was disassembled and transported by road to the Hermeskeil Museum at Mosel (Germany), where by the following year it continued its proud display.

I have also a page with info on the Lockheed Constellation.
Below are a few images of D-ALIN's cockpit.
click for a larger image cockpit D-ALIN cockpit

Before we explore the grounds any further we'll have a look inside where planes and engines have been put on display.

click for a larger image Junckers Ju-52 D-CIAD (c/n 016) has been put on an elevated display. In fact it is a Spanish-built CASA 352L
There are stairs leading to the cockpit window, where one can have a look inside. The aircraft cannot be entered to have a look inside.
D-CIAD has been in service with the Spanish Air Force as T.2B-127 until 1971 and subsequently went to Kurfiss Aviation; it has been on display at several German Airports. The construction number is in doubt: it has also been referred to as c/n 128.
click for a larger image cockpit cockpit seats

click for a larger image The Pratt and Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp radial engine, such as Douglas DC-6 (R-2800 CB 17) were equipped with.

For the remaining aircraft inside, please click on the thumbnail for a larger photo.
Move the cursor over the thumbnails for details of the aircraft
North American F-100F Super Sabre, 63944 scale models PT-18 Kaydet N56786
Piper J-3C Cub, D-EDEW ejection seat demo unidentified
Whirlwind HAR.10, XP351/8701M WSK-Mielec SBLim-2 (MiG-15UTI), 301 WSK-Mielec SBLim-2 (MiG-15UTI), 301
North American AT-6 F Texan, D-FDEM F-100 and F-104 MiG-23BN, 698 (20+46)
Westland Wessex HC Mk.2, XT670 Dornier Alpha Jet, 40+61 Brantly B-2, D-HOBC and Hawker Hunter, J-4098
Antonov An-2, HA-ANA (c/n 16210) Antonov An-2, HA-ANA (c/n 16210) Mil Mi-2, D-HZPQ
L-39 Albatross, 28+30(180) unidentified helicopter North American Rockwell OV-10B Bronco, 99+16

click for a larger image The Ilyushin IL-14P is truly a vintage transport. This transport had NATO codename Crate.
Its registration is 3076 and c/n 14803076, on display in Polish AirForce markings.
The two engines are 1900hp Shvetsov Ash-82T piston radial engines.
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click for a larger image The Il-14 was an improvement over the IL-12: the basic fuselage was retained, but wing was of a new design. The engines were more powerfull Ash-82T engines. The tailsection was redesigned too, resulting in a larger, square topped fin and rudder.
The first flight of the IL-14 was in 1950 and production was started around 1953. Many variants were produced and it served as (VIP) transports, navigation trainers, photo surveyors, glider tugs, fishery- and iceberg patrol, freighter and ambulance aircraft.
The Ilyushin IL-14 was exported to many countries but was also license-built, as Avia 14, in Czechoslovakia by Avia. The VEB (Volks Eigene Betrieb) factory in Dresden built 80 VEB-14P's (1955-1958).

click for a larger image Another Classic Airliner: the Ilyushin IL-18D DDR-STH (c/n 184007305).

Design of this Russian airliner started in 1950s, when designer A. Shvetsov and teamleader Sergei Ilyushin set themselves to design an airliner for the medium range with turbo-props engines and the ability to operate from unpaved runways. It would need to match the performance of the Vickers Viscount and the Lockheed L.188 Electra.
The prototype and the early production aircraft had four 4.000shp Kuznetsov NK-4 turboprops, while all IL-18s built after no.21 had the Ivchecnko AI-20 engine.
First flight was on 04Jul57 and entered service 2 years later.
More than 560 IL-18s were built. The NATO code-named it Coot. The IL-18s were built in many variants and exported for companies like Interflug. Cubana, Ghana Airways, Malev, United Arab Airlines, Air Mali, Air Guinée, CSA, Balkan,CAAK,LOT and Tarom to operate the IL-18.
Production ceased around 1970, though military production (e.g. IL-20, IL-22, and IL-38) continued for a few more years.

DDR-STH in Interflug colours Interflug merged with Lufthansa in 1991 DDR-STH in Interflug colours

The Antonov An-26 52+08 (c/n 10706).
During the years 1981 - 1990 it saw service with LSK/LVT (ventured as far as Africa during those years) and was registered DDR-SBB while serving with TS (Transport Squadron) 24; during the years with the Bundeswehr it was registered as 52+08 and it has been displayed since 1993, in Aero Caribbean colours, in this Museum. The colourscheme is fake as its entire career was with the military (Jim Tomlinson, thanks for the confirmation).
'Gexx' posted in reply on the Aviatsiya Forum [ discontinued by Oct.2007): "The delivery was Jan81 to East German Airforce and was wfu under the operation of the GAF on the 30Jan91. So the whole life was in military. It was sold to the museum 29Sep92 and delivered 11May93 by road. So I think it got its c/s there and they are fake." Thanks!
An-26 DDR-SBB Alexandre Avrane of Aerotransport Database (ATDB) has a very interesting theory on the colourscheme: "I am not fully convinced this c/s is pure chance. As far as I remember this aircraft was one of 12 An-26 officially transferred to Interflug around 1984 with DDR-SBx markings but retaining the military low-viz sheme and in fact used on the long run to Angola (and Mozambique?) staging through Cairo and Uganda. In Angola we know that AeroCaribbean was more or less set-up initially by Fidel to send Cuban troops there. So that painting could be a discrete wink from a time when "Interflug" and AeroCaribbean An-26s were parked side by side on some dusty airfields..." Merci Alexandre!

in Aerocaribbean colourscheme The An-26 is a development of the Antonov An-24RT. One of the main modifications was a rear loading ramp. More than 1,100 of this versatile transport aircraft were built. Production ended in 1978.
The An-26 (NATO code-named Curl) has many of the same features as the Antonov An-24 (Coke). Antonov designed a tactical transport of passengers and material on short and medium distances. As a development of the An-24, it first flew in 1968. It has a large rear loading ramp to facilitate loading of cargoes.
The engines are more powerful in comparison with the An-24. A pressurized cabin makes it possible to fly at high levels. It has fairly modern navigation and communication devices, an ADF automatic radio direction finder, DME distance measuring system, marker and ILS/GS instrument landing system, and a radio altimeter; it makes it suitable for all-weather operations.

click for a larger image Germany is on the crossroads of East and West and the excellent collection reflects this: it has both Eastern- as well as Western-produced airliners; such as this Vickers 814D Viscount D-ANAM (c/n 368). It was delivered to Lufthansa on 17Apr59.

The prototype of the Vickers Viscount made its first flight in 1948! By 1950, the early 32-seater design had grown to accommodate 40-53 passengers. The -700D series were equipped with Rolls Royce Dart 510 (1600shp) engines, while the 810 series had RR Dart 541 turboprops (2100shp).
Over 70 different models were built and each customer was given a type number (e.g. the first production version for BEA was V.701 and the last Viscounts for CAAC of China -in 1964- were V.843s).
See at bottom of this page a link to a production list of the V.Viscount.

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C/n 368 - Viscount V.814
First flight 08Apr59 - German permit to fly was issued on 14Apr59, certificate of registration issued on 22Apr59. Delivered to Deutsche Lufthansa 17Apr59 as D-ANAM.
Withdrawn from use on 12Feb70 and stored at Hamburg, where it was used for apprentice training. By this time it had amassed a total of 21.309 flying hours and 22.184 cycles.
It went to Hermeskeil in Oct76 for preservation at the Luftfahrtausstellung Junior Museum.
During the 1980s it was seen in Lufthansa colours but without titles, except for 'Viscount' -titles on the fuselage and ' 814' on the fin.
By Sep07 it was still there, in BAF colours but without titles or registration.
Source: "The Vickers Viscount" (- by Rayner G C Kittle; Air-Britain Historians Ltd, 2008)

click for a larger image of D-ACUT The Nord N.2501D Noratlas D-ACUT (c/n 065), is ex Luftwaffe 52+56.
I would like to know more about its service with EFL / Elbe-Flug.
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The Douglas DC-3 (C-47) Dakota, 111 (c/n 19460).

The fact that a DC-3 is included in the collection of this museum came as no great surprise, but one decorated in the colours of the Royal Jordanian Air Force is quite something else!
This C-47A, last known as N62443, is the former Royal Jordanian Airforce 111. It still carries the colourscheme and markings which it had during its active career in service with the RJAF.

It was delivered to the US Army Air Force as 42-100997 in January 1944. The history of this Douglas transport apparently has been lost, but it ended up at some point in the Middle East, with the Jordanian Air Force: how, why and when I could not say. It may have been returned to the USAF, maybe not, but it seems to have been registered as N62443 for one J.V. Masin of Rodenkierchen in West Germany in Feb. 1975. Registration N62443 was cancelled in 1976 and it has been preserved since 1981. See below!!!
Chris (from wrote me in Dec.05 with the following update:
I believe that C-47A 42-100997 was stored at MASDC in the USA from an unknown date until 31Jul1964, when it left for Air International Corporation, Miami, FL. Here it was refurbished before delivery to Jordan under MAP. These details come from the official USAF inventory records.
Thanks Chris!

In June 2006 I received a very interesting email from Joe Masin-
"The airplane had been stationed in England during the time of the invasion of Normandy and probably has participated in the D-Day activities.
Later in its life it was supplied to the Jordanian Air Force under the US Military Assistance Program. The Jordanians have flown it as long as it was safe without much maintenance and than, according to the terms of the agreement with the US government, returned it to the USAF.
I bought this particular aircraft from the US Air Force as a surplus in Aman, Jordan together with several overhauled engines as a source of spare parts. Out of the lot of four A/C we made two airworthy ones in order to transport the spares and to ferry them to Germany where I had several other ex-GAF aircraft in superb condition, but without engines.
My ferry pilots lost at night, over the island of Creta, the right engine in a serious fire. They managed to make an emergency landing at Heraklion Intl. airport. After replacement of the engine and repairs we flew to Germany, to Diepholz military airfield, where the airplane was disassembled and from where it made it's way to Junior's."

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A look inside the cabin and the cockpit. click for a larger image


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click for a larger image Percival Pembroke C.54, ex Luftwaffe 54+24 (c/n 1016) and now decorated in RAF markings.

The Pembroke entered service with the RAF in 1953; it operated in the light transport and communications role.
The prototype flew on 21Nov52 and 45 were produced for the RAF, the last one being completed in February 1958. It had rearward facing seats for the passengers, for safety (this was in common with other RAF transport aircraft).
This versatile little transporter could also be fitted with dual controls, as a pilot trainer, or could be converted to a flying classroom for training navigators.
Six photographic reconnaissance aircraft were produced.
After a total of 35 years service the last were withdrawn from service in 1988.

RF-4C Phantom II 68-0587 McDonnell Douglas F-4C Phantom II, 63-7421 F-4C Phantom II 63-7583 Republic F-105F Thunderchief, 62-4417
Dassault Mirage V, 13-PL Dassault Mirage III R, 33-TN Dassault Super Mystere B2, 12-YP Republic RF-84F Thunderflash, EA-241
Mil  Mi-8T, 94+20 Piasecki PD-22 (H-21C), 8311 Mil Mi-4A Hound 2139 (cn02139) and Mil Mi-14PL Haze-C, 618 Republic F-84F Thunderstreak, BF-105
Tornado XX948, prototype no.6 English Electric Canberra B1 Mk.8, XM264 Canadair CL-13B Sabre 6 (F-86), JC-101 Canadair CL-13B Sabre 6 (F-86), JC-101
Harrier GR.3, XZ998 BAC Lightning F.2A, XN782/H Fiat G.91R/3, mm5257 5-257 Lockheed F-104G Starfighter, 20+43
Fairey Gannet AEW.3, XL450/R-042 Hawker Hunter F.6A, XF418 Convair F-102 Delta Dagger, 61125 Lockheed T-33A, 133393
Hawker Sea Hawk, XE327 Fouga CM170 Magister, MT-31 Let Z-37 (Cmelak), D-ESSJ
Percival Pembroke C.54, 5421 Dornier Do.28 D2, D-IFMP DeHavilland Sea Devon C.20, XJ348/37 CASA 2.111 (He.111), G1+FL
Tupolev Tu-134A, DDR-SCK (cn1351304) Tupolev Tu-134A, DDR-SCK (cn1351304) Tupolev Tu-134A, DDR-SCK (cn1351304) Piaggo P.149D, 91+90
DeHavilland DH-106 Comet 4C, G-BDIW (cn6470) DeHavilland DH-106 Comet 4C, G-BDIW (cn6470) BAC Vickers VC-10, G-ARVF (cn808) In pieces: Sukhoi Su-22M-4 Fitter-K, 25-06
Sukhoi Su-7B Fitter-A, 09 MiG-23MF Flogger-B, 20-01 MiG-23ML, 20-19 MiG-23ML, 20-19
MiG-21US Mongol-B, 24-08 MiG-21US Mongol-B, 24-08 MiG-21US Mongol, 2408 and WSK-Mielec Lim-6M (MiG-17F), 413 MiG-21MF-75 Fishbed-J, ex 23-44, now 775
MiG-21SPS Fishbed-F, 22-36 Sukhoi Su-22M-4 Fitter-K, 25-16 MiG-21bisSAU Fishbed-N, ex 24-24, now 853 MiG-21F-13 Fishbed-C, no reg.
Mil Mi-24P Hind-F, 96+50 Mil Mi-6A, RA-21133 Mil Mi-6A, RA-21133 Mil Mi-9 Hip, cn340002, ex LSK 402
Mil Mi-24P Hind-F, 96+50 Mil Mi-8T Hip-C, 909, ex 94+20 Westland Wessex HC Mk.2, XR527 "Kaapstad" Jet Provost T.4, XR670 and unid helo

click to enlarge Concorde F-WTSA is a replica and has been put to good use: it is a cafeteria !
It seems Leo and Peter Junior have built this replica themselves? Details welcomed !!


Cockpit Concorde

External links and sources:
Hermeskeil - Leo Junior Flugausstellung
Hermeskeil on
Concorde, the fleet
3 pages Hermeskeil on
Hermeskeil Air Museum on
VC-10 G-ARVF on
former DDR "survivors" (German)
Antonov An-26
Vickers Viscount Production List on Hampshire Aviation History Website
[ A 2001 list of DC-3s in Europe (Discontinued, or moved?)]

Classic Airliners, by Tom Singfield (Midland Publishing, 2000)

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